Hemolytic Anemia- Annhiliation and elimination of Red Blood Cells from the bloodstream before the average lifespan of a man is called Hemolytic Anemia.
Red blood cells are the carrier of Oxygen having a look like a doughnut without holes at the centre. The average lifespan of a Red blood cell is 120 days in the bloodstream. They are made in Bone Marrow which is a spongy tissue found inside the bones. The work of a bone marrow is to produce more blood cells so that the dead cells can be replaced by the new ones. In the case of Hemolytic Anemia, the bone marrow fails to produce red blood cells, fast, to meet the need of a body. Hemolytic Anemia can be a cause of many health hazards like irregularity of heart beats which is also known as Arrhythmias, tiredness or even cardiac failure.
The main reason for a person to have Hemolytic Anemia is the annhiliation and elimination of the Red Blood Cells before the average span of life. Some of these causes may be “Hereditary” or maybe “Developed”. Many times the actual cause of Hemolytic Anemia is not known.
In Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia, the Genes which Controls the production of the red blood cells are found to be defective. The defective cells may be delicate which may collapse while travelling through the bloodstream. The defective blood cells may include Hemoglobin, Cell Membrane or Enzymes which keep up healthy red blood cells.
SYMPTOMS: The symptoms of Hemolytic Anemia, depend upon its severity. People with moderate Hemolytic Anemia often show no symptoms, but people with severe Hemolytic Anemia may show many symptoms and can be critical. Some of the symptoms of Hemolytic Anemia are given below:
1) Jaundice: Due to the death of red blood cell, Hemoglobin is transported in the bloodstream which ruptures into a compound known as Bilirubin which creates a yellow colour for skin and eyes.
2) Pain in Upper Abdomen: Due to the rupture of red blood cells, Bilirubin and Cholesterol can get converted into stones in Gallbladder or can cause an enlarged Spleen which may lead to severe Pain in Upper Abdomen.
3) Leg Ulcers and Pain: Sores on legs and tremendous pain in the entire body can be caused by the Sickle shaped cells which chokes small blood vessels and restricts the flow of blood, in the people suffering from Sickle Cell Anemia.
Consequences: If not treated early and thoroughly, these diseases may be painful as well as fatal.
Recommendations: Patients of Hemolytic Anemia should take very good care of themselves. They should consult their doctors and follow the treatment as planned. Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia may require ongoing treatment as they are genetic and prolong for a lifetime period. People should consult with their doctors about whether should undergo any vaccination of Pneumonia or get a Flu shot yearly. They should ask their doctor about reducing the chances of getting an infection such as:
a) Maintaining distance from people who are sick.
b) Avoiding food that is exposed, to protect themselves from the exposure of Bacteria.
c) Getting hands washed often. Etc.
People suffering from Hemolytic Anemia should take ample amount of rest and should be in touch with their doctor regularly.