Diabetes is often referred as diabetes mellitus by the doctors. This is a metabolic disease where a person having high blood sugar, due to inadequate production of insulin or inadequate production of the cells of the body, do not respond to insulin properly. Patients having high blood sugar experience frequent urination, hunger and thirst.
Diabetes mellitus or Diabetes is of three types. They are as follows:
- Diabetes Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is usually developed by the people earlier to their 40th year or teenage years or in early adulthood. Type 1 diabetic patients need to take injections of insulin regularly for the rest of their life. They must follow special diet and check their blood glucose level regularly.
- Diabetes Type 2: In this type of diabetes, the body is unable to produce appropriate quantity of insulin for proper functioning or the cells of the body become insulin resistant. Some people may control this type of diabetes by monitoring their blood glucose level regularly, following a healthy diet, losing weight and doing plenty of exercise. The type 2 diabetes however sometimes get worse and the patient may end up taking insulin in the form of tablets.
People who are obese are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes. People with visceral fat (also known as belly fat), central obesity are especially under the threat of this type of diabetes. Release of chemicals caused due to obesity may destabilize the metabolic and cardiovascular systems of the body.
As we get older, the risk of developing this type of diabetes also increases. This is due to the lack of physical activity and gain of weight as we grow older.
People with low testosterone levels are found to be at a greater risk of developing this type of diabetes, as insulin resistance is linked with low testosterone level.
- Gestational Diabetes: Pregnant females are affected by this type of diabetes. Due to high level of blood sugar in the bodies of pregnant women, their bodies fail to produce appropriate quantity of insulin for the transportation of glucose to their cells, which results in the rise of glucose level.
Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed at the time of pregnancy. Most of the patients with gestational diabetes can control it with proper exercise and diet. 10-20 percent of the patients may need medication that control blood sugar. If gestational diabetes is undiagnosed, complication at the time of childbirth may arise, where the baby can be of bigger size than he/she is supposed to be.
Women, who take diet, high in animal fats and cholesterol, before becoming pregnant, are more prone to gestational diabetes.
SYMPTOMS: Diabetic patients may show the following symptoms:
- Loss of weight.
- Blur vision.
- Abdominal pain.
CONSEQUENCES IF NOT TREATED: If proper treatment of diabetes is not done, it may lead to:
- Hypoglycemia: In this, the patient may get agitated, weak or sweaty
- Diabetic Coma.
- Respiratory Infections.
- Predontal diseases: Formation of bacteria occurs in gums and makes it more difficult to treat diabetes.
- Eye Complications.
Type 1 Diabetes:
- One should take a healthy diet.
- Should maintain weight.
- Regular exercise.
- Regular test for blood sugar.
- Should carry a certain quantity or a source of sugar always.
Type 2 Diabetes:
- One should control Obesity.
- Regular Exercise.
- Healthy diet.
- Physical activeness.
- Avoid animal fats and cholesterol in diet.
- Regular Exercise.
- Intake of carbohydrates in food.
- Should drink at least one cup of milk daily.