INDIA

                                                             INDIA

A country of diverse culture where you will find unity in diversity, India is officially known as the Republic of India and is located in South Asia. India shares its land borders with Bangladesh and Burma to the east, with Pakistan to the west, with China, Bhutan and Nepal to the northeast. India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, the Arabian Sea on the south-west and the Indian Ocean on the south. It (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) shares a maritime border with Indonesia and Thailand. Due to the long cultural interactions with other societies and countries, Indian cuisine with its various spices, herbs, vegetables and meat has a lot to offer to every individual and also cater to the need and taste of every individual. Hotels, bars, restaurants and nightclubs are plentiful and also cater to the budget and the need of every individual as well as every family.

Getting to India

A direct flight from London to Delhi (the capital of India) takes a little over 8 hours. However, depending upon the destination and flight schedule a flight from UK to India may take between 8 hours and 14 hours.

Things to do in India

The places mentioned below have been carefully selected keeping in mind the safety factors and the best amenities for the visitors and easy accessibility from the capital cities. India is a country that offers everything to satisfy the needs, fantasy and choice of any individual. If you know where to look for, you will get what you want.

North India

Delhi: Delhi has been the capital of many great emperors and Maharajas of India from time immemorial. Today, Delhi is a metropolitan region that includes New Delhi (the capital of India). After Mumbai, Delhi is the second most populated city in India and the biggest city in India as well as the fourth biggest city in the world. Red Fort (A UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lotus Temple, Qutub Minar (A UNESCO World Heritage Site and the tallest brick minaret in the world), Humayun’s Tomb (built in 1560 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lodhi Gardens is arguably the top 5 out of 255 worth visiting places in and around Delhi.

Rajasthan (a state of India in the north)

Agra: Home to world famous historical monument Taj Mahal (built by the legendary emperor Shah Jahan in the loving memory of his childhood sweetheart and wife Mumtaz Mahal and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Agra had been the capital of India since 1506 and remained the capital of India till the 17th century when Delhi once again became the capital of India. Agra was the capital city of undivided India (today’s India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Myanmar combined) under the reign of some of the greatest Mughal emperors like Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangjeb. A lot has been written on Taj Mahal and most of the tourists come to India to witness this incredible and gem of a historical monument with their own eyes (words cannot depict the grandeur and the architectural brilliance of this massive white marble monument built in 1658. It took thousands of skilled labours and 23 years to complete the construction of this unique monument), but if you ever visit Agra, never miss the chance to visit Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. Many visitors have openly claimed that they like Fathepur Sikri more than the Taj Mahal not only for its history (Akbar the grandfather of Shah Jahan had this historical fort built) but also for their massiveness and architectural brilliance. Fathepur Sikri and Agra Fort both are older than Taj Mahal. You cannot imagine the technological marvel introduced hundreds of years ago which even today could not be imitated. There is a small room in Fathepur Sikri (famous as Hawa Mahal) where you can get yourself cooled even in the hottest days without the help of any electrical appliance like A.C. or cooler. The room had been built at such an angle and with such technical brilliance that the room is always comfortably cold inside. There is an incredibly small circular mirror fixed on a pillar in Agra Fort. It is said when Shah Jahan was kept in exile in Agra Fort in his old age due to his feeble eye sight he could not view his beloved Taj Mahal, he used to view his beloved Taj Mahal (situated across the Yamuna River and the Agra Fort) in this mirror. The entire Taj Mahal can be viewed in this mirror.

Jaipur: Famous as the Pink City, Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan and close to Delhi. It is quite convenient to reach Jaipur by car, train or flight. Abhaneri Step Well (Ancient Ruins), Jantar Mantar (Planetariums), Amber Palace, City Palace of Jaipur, Jaigarh Fort and Hawa Mahal are arguably the top 6 out of 165 major tourist attractions in and around Jaipur. From Jaipur, you are advised to visit Jodhpur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Chitaurgarh, Ajmer, Bikaner (all great cities in Rajasthan to witness with your own eyes the great historical forts, lifestyles, grandeur, cultural heritage of vintage India).

Golden Temple (also known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib)

Located in Amritsar, a city in Punjab (an Indian State) and built in the 16th century is the holiest place for the Sikhs. The upper floors and the tomb of this matchless Gurdwara are covered with gold (covered in the first part of the 19th century by the great Maharaja Ranjit Singh) thereby justifying its name as the Golden Temple. More than 1 lakh people visit this great place daily and Langar (free holy food) is served to one and all irrespective of caste, creed and religion. It takes nearly 7 ½ hours train journey to reach Amritsar directly from New Delhi.

Varanasi (also known as Kashi, Benares or Banaras)

The holiest of the holy cities of Hindus, Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world that have been continuously inhabited. Located in Uttar Pradesh (an Indian State), on the banks of river Ganges. A train journey from Delhi takes nearly 10 hours to reach Varanasi. Sarnath (Religious Site), Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Ashoka Pillar, Ramnagar Fort, Dasaswamedh Ghat is arguably the top 5 out of 65 major tourist attractions in and around Varanasi.

 

Skiing in India

i)                   Pahalgam (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Pahalgam is located in Anantnag district and is a small town famous for its all around scenic beauty and hospitality).

ii)                Gulmarg (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Gulmarg is located in the Barmala district is not only famous for skiing but also for Gulmarg Gondola , the highest cable car in the entire world.

Manali: A great hill station, Manali is a small town in Himachal Pradesh (a state of India) famous for its breathtaking all around landscapes and great ski slopes. A great place for beginners, intermediates and expert skiers.

Narkanda: A small town in Shimla district (Himachal Pradesh) famous for great skiing facilities, all around scenic beauty and apple cultivation. The place is famous for its unlimited ski options and innumerable apple orchards.

Kufri: Another great ski resort, Kufri is also located in Himachal Pradesh and ideally suited for beginners, intermediates and expert skiers. It is a great ski resort with its awesome undulating slopes and all around scenic beauty fringed with green pine trees and tall deodar trees.

The above mentioned 5 places are arguably the top 5 ski destinations out of 12 in India.

Shimla: Located in northern India, once the summer capital of British India, Shimla is now the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. It is nearly 370 km from Delhi. By road it takes nearly 10 hours to reach Shimla from Delhi. It is highly recommended to visit Shimla by train. Many trains are available from Delhi that go to Kalka. From Kalka take the joyride of the famous toy trains that take you to Shimla. It is once in a lifetime experience. The all around scenic beauty is unforgettable. Kalka-Shimla Railway (Scenic Railroads), Annandale (Parks), Jakhu Temple, Viceregal Lodge (Architectural Buildings), The Mall (Landmarks) is arguably the top 5 out of 65 major tourist attractions in and around Shimla.

South India

Chennai (previously known as Madras)

The cultural capital of South India, Chennai is located on the southeastern coast of India and is the capital city of Tamilnadu (an Indian state). A large part of India’s automobile industry is based in and around Chennai and it is due to this fact Chennai has earned its nickname “Detroit of India”. Marina Beach, Crocodile Bank (Wildlife Areas), Railway Museum, San Thome Church, Tholkappia Poonga (Parks) is arguably the top 5 out of 150 major tourist attractions in and around Chennai.

Bangalore (now known as Bengaluru)

The third most populated city in India, located on the Deccan Plateau, Bangalore is the capital city of Karnataka. Bangalore today is among the top 10 entrepreneurial locations in the world. Art of Living International Center, Shivasamudram Falls (Waterfalls), Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Vidhana Soudha (Architectural Building), Cubbon Park is arguably the top 5 out of 150 major tourist attractions in and around Bangalore.

Virupaksha Temple: Built in the 7th century, located in Hampi (Karnataka), 350 km from Bangalore, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Virupaksha Temple is one of the oldest temples in the world that still maintain the age old traditions and rituals. This massive temple complex is not only famous for its religious importance but also for its architectural brilliance. Like Taj Mahal this temple is a must visit place in India.

West India

Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the capital city of Maharashtra (an Indian State).The most populated city in India and the fourth most populated city in the world, Mumbai is the financial and commercial center of India. Located on the west coast of India, Mumbai is also the center of the Indian and Marathi Film Industry. The Haji Ali Dargah (built in 1431), Marine Drive, Kanheri Caves, Gateway of India, Water Kingdom (Water Parks) is arguably the top 5 out of 182 major tourist attractions in and around Mumbai.

The Ajanta Caves: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, the Ajanta Caves (about 30 in number) were built in two phases starting from 2nd century BCE. These caves have paintings and sculptures that depict the Jataka Tales and are considered to be the finest examples and masterpieces of Buddhist religious art.

Ellora Caves: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, located nearly 29 km from Aurangabad, Ellora Caves (34 in number) built between 5th and 10th century, depict the finest example of Indian rock-cut architecture. There are 12 Buddhist caves (1-12), 17 Hindu caves (13-29) and 5 Jain caves (30-34). A must visit place in India.

A direct train from Mumbai takes nearly 7 ½ hours to reach Aurangabad. From Aurangabad it is nearly 1 hour journey by car to Ajanta Caves and nearly 35 minutes journey to Ellora Caves.

East India

Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta)

Located on the east bank of Hooghly river, Kolkata until 1911 was the capital of India under the British Raj. Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Birla Planetarium, Marble Palace Kolkata, Fort William is arguably the top 5 out of 142 major tourist attractions in and around Kolkata.

Beaches in India

Apart from the other beaches in Goa and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (which are considered among the best beaches in the world), Palolem Beach is a must visit beach in India. Only 40 minutes drive from Madgaon in South Goa, the pristine beauty of the beach is to be seen to be believed. Don’t miss the chance to stand and pay your tribute to the “Money Stone”. This beach was shown in the film “The Bourne Supremacy” and featured in the film as the residence of Matt Damon (Jason Bourne) in Goa.

National Parks in India

Kanha National Park: Located in Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh (an Indian State in Central India), this national park is famous for over 1000 species of flowering plants, Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards and many other wild animals.

Gir National Park: The only protect

                                                             INDIA

A country of diverse culture where you will find unity in diversity, India is officially known as the Republic of India and is located in South Asia. India shares its land borders with Bangladesh and Burma to the east, with Pakistan to the west, with China, Bhutan and Nepal to the northeast. India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, the Arabian Sea on the south-west and the Indian Ocean on the south. It (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) shares a maritime border with Indonesia and Thailand. Due to the long cultural interactions with other societies and countries, Indian cuisine with its various spices, herbs, vegetables and meat has a lot to offer to every individual and also cater to the need and taste of every individual. Hotels, bars, restaurants and nightclubs are plentiful and also cater to the budget and the need of every individual as well as every family.

Getting to India

A direct flight from London to Delhi (the capital of India) takes a little over 8 hours. However, depending upon the destination and flight schedule a flight from UK to India may take between 8 hours and 14 hours.

Things to do in India

The places mentioned below have been carefully selected keeping in mind the safety factors and the best amenities for the visitors and easy accessibility from the capital cities. India is a country that offers everything to satisfy the needs, fantasy and choice of any individual. If you know where to look for, you will get what you want.

North India

Delhi: Delhi has been the capital of many great emperors and Maharajas of India from time immemorial. Today, Delhi is a metropolitan region that includes New Delhi (the capital of India). After Mumbai, Delhi is the second most populated city in India and the biggest city in India as well as the fourth biggest city in the world. Red Fort (A UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lotus Temple, Qutub Minar (A UNESCO World Heritage Site and the tallest brick minaret in the world), Humayun’s Tomb (built in 1560 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lodhi Gardens is arguably the top 5 out of 255 worth visiting places in and around Delhi.

Rajasthan (a state of India in the north)

Agra: Home to world famous historical monument Taj Mahal (built by the legendary emperor Shah Jahan in the loving memory of his childhood sweetheart and wife Mumtaz Mahal and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Agra had been the capital of India since 1506 and remained the capital of India till the 17th century when Delhi once again became the capital of India. Agra was the capital city of undivided India (today’s India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Myanmar combined) under the reign of some of the greatest Mughal emperors like Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangjeb. A lot has been written on Taj Mahal and most of the tourists come to India to witness this incredible and gem of a historical monument with their own eyes (words cannot depict the grandeur and the architectural brilliance of this massive white marble monument built in 1658. It took thousands of skilled labours and 23 years to complete the construction of this unique monument), but if you ever visit Agra, never miss the chance to visit Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. Many visitors have openly claimed that they like Fathepur Sikri more than the Taj Mahal not only for its history (Akbar the grandfather of Shah Jahan had this historical fort built) but also for their massiveness and architectural brilliance. Fathepur Sikri and Agra Fort both are older than Taj Mahal. You cannot imagine the technological marvel introduced hundreds of years ago which even today could not be imitated. There is a small room in Fathepur Sikri (famous as Hawa Mahal) where you can get yourself cooled even in the hottest days without the help of any electrical appliance like A.C. or cooler. The room had been built at such an angle and with such technical brilliance that the room is always comfortably cold inside. There is an incredibly small circular mirror fixed on a pillar in Agra Fort. It is said when Shah Jahan was kept in exile in Agra Fort in his old age due to his feeble eye sight he could not view his beloved Taj Mahal, he used to view his beloved Taj Mahal (situated across the Yamuna River and the Agra Fort) in this mirror. The entire Taj Mahal can be viewed in this mirror.

Jaipur: Famous as the Pink City, Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan and close to Delhi. It is quite convenient to reach Jaipur by car, train or flight. Abhaneri Step Well (Ancient Ruins), Jantar Mantar (Planetariums), Amber Palace, City Palace of Jaipur, Jaigarh Fort and Hawa Mahal are arguably the top 6 out of 165 major tourist attractions in and around Jaipur. From Jaipur, you are advised to visit Jodhpur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Chitaurgarh, Ajmer, Bikaner (all great cities in Rajasthan to witness with your own eyes the great historical forts, lifestyles, grandeur, cultural heritage of vintage India).

Golden Temple (also known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib)

Located in Amritsar, a city in Punjab (an Indian State) and built in the 16th century is the holiest place for the Sikhs. The upper floors and the tomb of this matchless Gurdwara are covered with gold (covered in the first part of the 19th century by the great Maharaja Ranjit Singh) thereby justifying its name as the Golden Temple. More than 1 lakh people visit this great place daily and Langar (free holy food) is served to one and all irrespective of caste, creed and religion. It takes nearly 7 ½ hours train journey to reach Amritsar directly from New Delhi.

Varanasi (also known as Kashi, Benares or Banaras)

The holiest of the holy cities of Hindus, Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world that have been continuously inhabited. Located in Uttar Pradesh (an Indian State), on the banks of river Ganges. A train journey from Delhi takes nearly 10 hours to reach Varanasi. Sarnath (Religious Site), Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Ashoka Pillar, Ramnagar Fort, Dasaswamedh Ghat is arguably the top 5 out of 65 major tourist attractions in and around Varanasi.

 

Skiing in India

i)                   Pahalgam (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Pahalgam is located in Anantnag district and is a small town famous for its all around scenic beauty and hospitality).

ii)                Gulmarg (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Gulmarg is located in the Barmala district is not only famous for skiing but also for Gulmarg Gondola , the highest cable car in the entire world.

Manali: A great hill station, Manali is a small town in Himachal Pradesh (a state of India) famous for its breathtaking all around landscapes and great ski slopes. A great place for beginners, intermediates and expert skiers.

Narkanda: A small town in Shimla district (Himachal Pradesh) famous for great skiing facilities, all around scenic beauty and apple cultivation. The place is famous for its unlimited ski options and innumerable apple orchards.

Kufri: Another great ski resort, Kufri is also located in Himachal Pradesh and ideally suited for beginners, intermediates and expert skiers. It is a great ski resort with its awesome undulating slopes and all around scenic beauty fringed with green pine trees and tall deodar trees.

The above mentioned 5 places are arguably the top 5 ski destinations out of 12 in India.

Shimla: Located in northern India, once the summer capital of British India, Shimla is now the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. It is nearly 370 km from Delhi. By road it takes nearly 10 hours to reach Shimla from Delhi. It is highly recommended to visit Shimla by train. Many trains are available from Delhi that go to Kalka. From Kalka take the joyride of the famous toy trains that take you to Shimla. It is once in a lifetime experience. The all around scenic beauty is unforgettable. Kalka-Shimla Railway (Scenic Railroads), Annandale (Parks), Jakhu Temple, Viceregal Lodge (Architectural Buildings), The Mall (Landmarks) is arguably the top 5 out of 65 major tourist attractions in and around Shimla.

South India

Chennai (previously known as Madras)

The cultural capital of South India, Chennai is located on the southeastern coast of India and is the capital city of Tamilnadu (an Indian state). A large part of India’s automobile industry is based in and around Chennai and it is due to this fact Chennai has earned its nickname “Detroit of India”. Marina Beach, Crocodile Bank (Wildlife Areas), Railway Museum, San Thome Church, Tholkappia Poonga (Parks) is arguably the top 5 out of 150 major tourist attractions in and around Chennai.

Bangalore (now known as Bengaluru)

The third most populated city in India, located on the Deccan Plateau, Bangalore is the capital city of Karnataka. Bangalore today is among the top 10 entrepreneurial locations in the world. Art of Living International Center, Shivasamudram Falls (Waterfalls), Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Vidhana Soudha (Architectural Building), Cubbon Park is arguably the top 5 out of 150 major tourist attractions in and around Bangalore.

Virupaksha Temple: Built in the 7th century, located in Hampi (Karnataka), 350 km from Bangalore, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Virupaksha Temple is one of the oldest temples in the world that still maintain the age old traditions and rituals. This massive temple complex is not only famous for its religious importance but also for its architectural brilliance. Like Taj Mahal this temple is a must visit place in India.

West India

Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the capital city of Maharashtra (an Indian State).The most populated city in India and the fourth most populated city in the world, Mumbai is the financial and commercial center of India. Located on the west coast of India, Mumbai is also the center of the Indian and Marathi Film Industry. The Haji Ali Dargah (built in 1431), Marine Drive, Kanheri Caves, Gateway of India, Water Kingdom (Water Parks) is arguably the top 5 out of 182 major tourist attractions in and around Mumbai.

The Ajanta Caves: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, the Ajanta Caves (about 30 in number) were built in two phases starting from 2nd century BCE. These caves have paintings and sculptures that depict the Jataka Tales and are considered to be the finest examples and masterpieces of Buddhist religious art.

Ellora Caves: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, located nearly 29 km from Aurangabad, Ellora Caves (34 in number) built between 5th and 10th century, depict the finest example of Indian rock-cut architecture. There are 12 Buddhist caves (1-12), 17 Hindu caves (13-29) and 5 Jain caves (30-34). A must visit place in India.

A direct train from Mumbai takes nearly 7 ½ hours to reach Aurangabad. From Aurangabad it is nearly 1 hour journey by car to Ajanta Caves and nearly 35 minutes journey to Ellora Caves.

East India

Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta)

Located on the east bank of Hooghly river, Kolkata until 1911 was the capital of India under the British Raj. Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Birla Planetarium, Marble Palace Kolkata, Fort William is arguably the top 5 out of 142 major tourist attractions in and around Kolkata.

Beaches in India

Apart from the other beaches in Goa and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (which are considered among the best beaches in the world), Palolem Beach is a must visit beach in India. Only 40 minutes drive from Madgaon in South Goa, the pristine beauty of the beach is to be seen to be believed. Don’t miss the chance to stand and pay your tribute to the “Money Stone”. This beach was shown in the film “The Bourne Supremacy” and featured in the film as the residence of Matt Damon (Jason Bourne) in Goa.

National Parks in India

Kanha National Park: Located in Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh (an Indian State in Central India), this national park is famous for over 1000 species of flowering plants, Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards and many other wild animals.

Gir National Park: The only protected place where Asiatic Lions can be seen along with other wild animals. Located 65 km from Junagadh, which is a town in Gujarat (an Indian State).           

ed place where Asiatic Lions can be seen along with other wild animals. Located 65 km from Junagadh, which is a town in Gujarat (an Indian State).           

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About indranilc69

I love to write as it is my passion. I have written on varied niches for the past 22 years. Though I have written many general articles, medical articles and technical articles, I love to write travel articles the most. With a bachelor degree in science, I am at ease while writing technical articles. As I have worked in the pharmaceutical industry in different capacities for 14 years, I have gained considerable knowledge regarding medicines and diseases. At present, I have taken up freelance writing as my career. You can read my views and comments on different matters in "Times of India", where I am registered under my name and at present am a Gold member. You can Contact me at- 7205344208 and 8093446086 Copyright indranilc69, 2013
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  1. Pingback: What are the world heritage sites in India? | Questionzbuzz.com

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